Atopic Eczema

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Atopic Eczema

Itchy, dry and cracked skin is the hallmark of atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis). Eczema atopica is more common in children, often developing before their first birthday. It can, however, also develop in adults.

Atopic eczema is due to a reaction in the skin. Inflammation, swelling, and redness result from the reaction. Due to the lack of specific proteins in their skin that maintain the skin’s barrier to water, people with atopic eczema may be more sensitive. It may start as early as age 2 to 6 months. Many people outgrow it by early adulthood. At [PHARMACY NAME] we can help you manage this condition.

People with atopic eczema often have asthma or seasonal allergies. There is often a family history of allergies such as asthma, hay fever, or eczema. People with atopic eczema often test positive for allergy skin tests. However, atopic dermatitis is not caused by allergies.

The following can make atopic eczema symptoms worse:

  • Irritants and chemicals
  • Rough materials, such as wool
  • Dry skin
  • Allergies to pollen, mold, dust mites, or animals
  • Cold and dry air in the winter
  • Colds or the flu
  • Emotional stressors
  • Skin being dried out from taking frequent baths or showers or swimming in chlorinated or other water very often
  • Getting too hot or too cold, as well as sudden changes in temperature
  • Perfumes or dyes in skin lotions or soaps

Atopic Eczema


Skin changes may include:

  • Blisters
  • Dry skin, or areas of bumpy skin on the back of the arms and front of the thighs
  • Ear discharge or bleeding
  • Raw patches of skin from constant scratching
  • Changes in skin color, such as more or less color than the normal skin tone
  • Redness and inflammation around the blisters
  • Thickened or leather-like areas, which can occur after long-term irritation and scratching

Age of the affected person can determine the type and location of the rash:
In children younger than age 2, the rash may begin on the face, scalp, hands, and feet. The rash is often itchy and forms blisters that ooze and crust over.
In older children and adults, the rash is more often seen on the inside of the knees and elbow. It can also appear on the neck, hands, and feet.
In adults, the rash may be limited to the hands, eyelids, or genitals.
Rashes may occur anywhere on the body during a bad outbreak.

Intense itching is common. Even before a rash appears, itching may occur. As a result of scratching, atopic eczema is also called the “itch that rashes” because the itching precedes the skin rash.

We can help you with managing this condition at Vicary Pharmacy! Book a consultation with us today.